Especially for the Krasnodar Territory: the best tomatoes for the southern region
There is no corner in our country where tomatoes are not loved. In the north, this crop is often grown in a greenhouse, in the central regions - tomatoes bear fruit equally well in open ground beds and under cover. And in the south, the soul of tomato scientists "sings" - here you can grow your favorite vegetable from early spring to late autumn, choose any agricultural technique, pick tomatoes until winter, especially in a greenhouse. A rational approach to choosing a tomato variety further increases the chances of a bumper crop.
Krasnodar Territory is a fertile place for any vegetable crop
Mild winters and dry summers are the main climatic feature of the region. In general, the climate of the south of Russia is moderate: frosts are rare in winter - the average temperature is 0 ° C; hot, rainless summer follows sunny, sometimes rainy, but warm spring (average temperature + 12 ° С).
The close location of the Black Sea and the foothills of the Caucasus affects the weather conditions of the Krasnodar Territory - thunderstorms and strong winds in spring, in summer - hot weather, which is softened by a light monsoon, in autumn - warmth and sun until November
The seasons change gently, return frosts in winter are unlikely, and real winter begins at the end of December, so you can grow tomatoes in open ground until the end of November, and under cover, for example, in a heated greenhouse, until the New Year.
The gardening season in the Krasnodar Territory starts at the end of February, which is why the first crop of ground tomatoes appears here in the last decade of May. The average July temperature in this region is +28 ° С, the first month of summer is accompanied by precipitation, and in July - August, stable hot weather sets in - ideal weather conditions for nightshades, including tomatoes.
Large-scale cultivation of tomatoes on farmlands is common in Krasnodar
Warm sunny weather lasts until the beginning of December, the air temperature is +10 +14 ° С.
Features of growing tomatoes in the southern region
Sowing tomatoes for seedlings begins in mid-February - for greenhouses this is the best option, they are planted in beds under cover in March. Soil determinants are sown in early March, they can be planted in a permanent place without picking in 1-2 ten days of April - here Krasnodar people are guided by the weather.
Tomatoes are often grown in a seedless way - they are sown on street beds as soon as the ground warms up; further thinning of young tomatoes is required
The agricultural technology of tomatoes in the Krasnodar Territory does not differ much from the generally accepted one, the main thing is to defeat two problems - heat and drought. If the latter can be dealt with by regular watering at the root, then with the second it is already more difficult. One option is to grow solar-sensitive varieties in a greenhouse or use non-woven material. The second is a shading grid, many summer residents consider this method to be an effective protection from the scorching southern rays. But more often zoned varieties come to the rescue of local gardeners - there are always fewer problems with them.
Video: How to Cope with Heat - Shading Mesh
What else do Krasnodar tomatoes need?
For tomatoes to give a stable harvest, you must:
- after irrigating the beds, thoroughly loosen the ground;
- fight weeds;
- pinch - undersized tomatoes can also "fatten", so it is necessary to cut out stepchildren in time;
- tie up, bushes - determinants with large fruits especially need it;
- apply organic and mineral fertilizers during the growing season (at least 3-4 times from May to August);
- carry out disease prevention (treat with appropriate drugs - Quadris, Fitosporin and others);
- do not forget about mulching with straw, hay, sawdust - this helps well against dehydration and cracking of the soil.
Mulched tomatoes need less moisture
How to choose a variety for hot climates
To get a decent harvest, taking into account the weather specifics of Krasnodar, they choose tomatoes:
- heat resistant;
- tolerant to bacterial and fungal diseases;
- undersized weakly branched varieties.
Video: varieties for hot climates
The main problem of Krasnodar gardeners is heat, so tomatoes are often grown under cover. Although most of the varieties and hybrids of the State Register of the Russian Federation for the southern regions are ground. It is especially important to find tomatoes with good immunity among the huge assortment. Hot weather often causes burns on fruits, immunity decreases, this provokes the development of a primary infection of tomatoes - any nightshade diseases "stick" to them. As in Central Russia, the prevention of fungal diseases of tomatoes at an early stage is practiced here - they are treated with copper-containing preparations, special multicomponent agents, and folk methods of country experts (iodine, fermented milk products, herbal infusions) are not alien. Therefore, breeders annually discover new varieties and hybrids that are more resistant to the sun and high temperatures than their predecessors.
Video: breeding heat-resistant tomatoes for the southern regions
Tomatoes of the Krasnodar Territory: approved varieties and hybrids
Many people believe that thanks to the mild climate and long daylight hours, any varieties and hybrids can be grown in the Krasnodar Territory. According to local farmers, this is not at all true - you have to choose the most heat-resistant and unpretentious among hybrids and varieties. Tomatoes are taken care of here no less than in regions with a harsh climate: it is important to take into account both the ripening period and the growing conditions. There are a huge number of determinants among local tomatoes - it is easier for them to survive the heat and at the same time not to lose their main qualities - yield and taste.
Indeed, it is easier to grow tomatoes here - the climate is favorable for this, but in order to get a good harvest, suitable for conservation, fresh snacks or transportation, it is best to select tomatoes that are zoned, given their varietal characteristics.
Ultra early tomatoes
Early tomatoes can be harvested 80 days after sowing. Early ripening tomatoes, sown at the end of February, are the earliest to ripen. But for long-term fruiting, such varieties are not suitable - their potential is designed for 1.5-2 months, so at the end of July there will be few fruits. These tomatoes are often grown seedlessly (sowing directly into the ground).
The undisputed leader among early ripeners, intended for cultivation in the south of our country - Anyuta F1 - a moderate sourness of round, no ribbed, 100-gram tomatoes perfectly emphasizes canned winter snacks and fresh vegetable salads. The dense skin of Anyuta F1 does not crack in the marinade, and the appetizing juicy pulp is good for pasta and pizza. Determinant hybrid - height 60-70 cm, fruit clusters are formed from 3-4 tomatoes, grows both in the open field and in the greenhouse. Anyuta F1 tolerates heat well and is not very susceptible to late blight and tobacco mosaic virus. The output per square meter for this hybrid does not exceed 6 kg (according to the State Register).
Anyuta F1 often has a herbaceous sour taste, but ripens when the rest of the tomatoes are just blooming - this is the advantage of early ripening
The soil variety Spring Round Dance is an early maturing determinant (height up to 60 cm) is excellent for cultivation in the south. It ripens 80 days after planting - just before the onset of hot sunny days, and does not require much attention: the variety rarely gets sick and does not respond to temperature changes. One-dimensional tomatoes 90-100 g each can be salted in jars and eaten fresh, the yield of this cultivar is not very high - up to 4.5 kg / m2.
Video: tomato Spring round dance
Determinant Irishka F1 grows well in the open field, despite its small stature - only 40-60 cm, requires a garter. All because of the unprecedented yield: some gardeners boast that the yield of one Irishka bush reaches 8 kg, and up to 14 kg of selected tomatoes are harvested from a square meter of beds, although the initial indicators of the hybrid's yield, according to the State Register, are 5.6 kg / m2. The average weight of the fruits is 50–100 g. They do not crack during transportation and are highly stable. The cultivar is not afraid of the tobacco mosaic virus, and it is better to carry out the prevention of late blight regularly - then the crop will be safe.
The fruits of the Irishka F1 hybrid are fleshy, slightly flattened, with a pleasant sourness, universal in consumption
Video: tomato Irishka F1
Pink Andromeda F1 is an ideal soil hybrid for southern climates, plant height 60–80 cm. It is a heat-resistant, determinate tomato, undemanding to irrigation. Its peculiarity is light raspberry small round tomatoes with a pleasant aroma and refreshing sourness - the hybrid is often used for baked goods and fresh salads. The average fruit weight is 60-110 g.
Ogorodnikov is attracted to the hybrid Pink Andromeda F1 stable, albeit low yield - 5-7 kg per square meter
Some tomato experts argue that despite its resistance to high temperatures, Pink Andromeda F1 sometimes drops ovaries in the heat, and for high yields, do not forget about regular feeding - the hybrid is very responsive to a varied menu.
Local cultivar - Generosity - in fact one of the highly productive low-growing varieties, the minimum yield is 7 kg / m2... Bushes grow no more than 60 cm - this is a determinant. Tomato Generosity grows well in any conditions - whether it is soil or a greenhouse, it is good both fresh and in twists, juice and pasta are prepared from juicy sweetish tomatoes. Small round fruits with dense skin (weight 48–60 g) fit perfectly into jars. The value of the variety is transportability, resistance to macrosporiosis and verticillium. Generosity is often chosen for industrial cultivation in the southern regions of our country.
Video: Tomato Generosity
Table: early ripe tomatoes intended for cultivation in the Krasnodar Territory
|Tomato name||Growing conditions (G-soil, T-greenhouse)||Productivity, kg / m2||Description of fruits||Other characteristics of the plant|
|Bolshevik F1||G / T||4,7–8,5||Round, red, weight 84-130 g|
|Summer resident||D||4||Flat-round, red, weight 55-93 g|
|Ygranda||D||5||Round, red, weight 64-90 g|
|Jumpact F1||G / T||2,5||Round, red, very dense, weight 54-80 g|
|Katya F1||G / T||3,6–5,5||Flat round, red, weight 90 g|
|Martian||D||5,5||Round, red, weight 67-90 g|
|Star||D||3||Round, smooth, red, sweet (sugar 4%), weight 40-70 g|
|Prima F1||D||5,3||Round, red, dense, weight 60-100 g|
|Muscovy||D||4,2||Round, red, with a spot at the stalk, sweet (sugar up to 4.8%), weight 65-80 g|
|Colorado||D||4,6||Cuboid, red, weight 45-85 g|
|Pilot||D||2,9||Round, red, weight 55–70 g|
|Pink Bush F1||D||4,8||Round, pink, weight 110-150 g|
|Knight||D||3,2–8,4||Cylindrical, dense, red, weight 70 g|
|Rio bravo||D||2,8–3,3||Egg-shaped, red, weight 52–87 g|
|Galina F1||D||3,9||Flat-round, red, weight 84-110 g|
|Shanti F1||D||3,3||Obovate, red, weight 65–127 g|
|Vera||D||3,8||Flat-round, red, fleshy, weight 55-90 g|
Photo gallery of some early varieties of tomatoes
Mid-season tomatoes that are not afraid of hot climates
Tomatoes with an average ripening period are varieties that ripen 90–100 days after germination. Here, mid-season tomatoes are valued most of all - their yield is always quite large, and fungal diseases do not have time to attack.
In 2016, breeders of the Krasnodar Territory bred Krasnodar Raspberry - a determinant for open beds up to 90 cm in height with excellent taste and mouth-watering dark pink fruits (weight 90-150 g). The tomatoes of this variety, lined with a slight ribbing on top, are appreciated for their sugary pulp on a break, a pleasant aroma - the harvest is suitable for fresh snacks and canned salads. They say that the yield of Krasnodar raspberry does not exceed 5 kg / m2 and immunity sometimes fails - from late blight and other fungal diseases it is necessary to periodically treat it with special preparations.
Ready-to-harvest fruits of the Krasnodar Raspberry variety easily break off from the stalk, but do not fall off when overripe
Gold of the Kuban is another determinant from the Crimean Scientific Station, a real find for local summer residents. This variety grows well in a greenhouse, but it is best cultivated in street beds - high immunity is quite conducive to this. The cultivar shoots out up to 70 cm. Due to its light skin, the fruits of the Zoloto Kuban variety hardly react to the sun, remain juicy and tasty. Rushing in the midst of the season, they are able to give up to 5 kg / m2 elongated bright yellow fruits with excellent taste.
Dense and not too sweet tomatoes of the Gold of Kuban variety are well suited for whole-fruit canning, sometimes they are used for serving
The favorite of the Kuban is a determinant tomato for soil and greenhouses, the height of the bush is up to 70 cm. The variety has rather encouraging indicators: the weight of ruddy crimson-scarlet fruits with a depressed peduncle reaches 100-150 g, sometimes the fruits grow up to 180 g, the yield is within 7 kg / m2... Experts note the resistance of the cultivar to late blight, verticillium and high temperature.
The favorite of the Kuban will surely become the main candidate for the title of "best of the best" if it is watered more often and harvested on time - otherwise the juicy fruits may crack
Small ovoid fruits with a red tough skin are tomatoes of the Kuban Cossacks (Kuban) variety. The determinant cultivar (height 40–60 cm) is unpretentious and easily tolerates heat; it is famous for its excellent return on soil forcing. Moderate yield - up to 4 kg per square meter and average fruit taste (weight 60-110 g) - the standard for the cultivar. This is a variety with normal immunity - you cannot do without prevention.
But they choose this variety mainly for preserving and preparing multi-vegetable salads - the pulp of the Kuban Cossacks variety does not sour in brine, does not change the taste and does not fall off the skin, in addition, these tomatoes contain few seeds
The determinant-type tomato Krasnodar has been known to gardeners for more than 15 years, but more often it is grown on an industrial scale. Semi-spreading low (up to 50 cm) tomatoes can be attributed to standard tomatoes, they are famous for their excellent taste in pickled form, well suited for juicing. The fruits of the Krasnodarya variety are not very massive - 60 g, have a cylindrical shape - they can be put in jars, thanks to the dense skin, the crop easily tolerates long-distance transportation. Despite the relatively low yield indicators - 3.8 kg / m2, cultivar is valued for its high sugar content (about 4.7%). Krasnodar is suitable for seedless cultivation.
Tomato Krasnodar is a classic pickling variety that almost does not suffer from the scorching southern rays of the sun, is resistant to top rot and late blight
Table: tomatoes for the Krasnodar Territory with an average ripening period
|Tomato name||Growing conditions (soil - G, greenhouse - T)||Productivity, kg / m2||Description of fruits||Other characteristics of the plant|
|Drummer F1||D||4,8||Egg-shaped, smooth, red, weight 57-120 g|
|Don Jose F1||G / T||5,9||Flat-round, orange-red, weight 82-130 g|
|Bosphorus||D||3,9||Egg-shaped, dense, round, weight 50-100 g|
|Olga F1||D||3–6||Flat-round, red, fleshy, weight 80-100 g|
|Pink flamingo||G / T||3,5||Rounded, bright pink, with a dark green spot at the stalk, weight 80-110 g|
|Lord of the Steppes F1||G / T||6,2||Round, red, weight up to 80-160 g|
|Rozopam||D||5,6||Elliptical, smooth, crimson red, weight 100 g|
|Sun berry||D||5||Obovate, red-scarlet, weight 40-100 g|
|Volcano F1||G / T||3,8||Cuboid, red, weight 60-80 g|
|Bagheera F1||D||6,9||Flat-round, red, weight 80-100 g|
|Roxalana F1||D||4,9–6,4||Flat-round, red, weight 68-92 g|
|Nika F1||D||5,9||Obovate, red, weight 65-115 g|
|Steppe||D||4,5||Round, red, weight 120-160 g|
|Red Sky F1||G / T||5,3||Cuboid, red, weight 60-110 g|
|Urbana||D||5,4||Heart-shaped, red, weight 62-112 g|
|Fokker F1||D||6||Cuboid, slightly ribbed, red, weight 59-115 g|
Photo gallery of some mid-season tomato varieties suitable for canning
Local farmers are loyal to late tomatoes - such cultivars successfully bear fruit on Krasnodar land, do not reduce returns by the end of the season and, subject to agricultural technology, rarely get sick. The ripening period of late-ripening tomatoes is 120–130 days from the moment of planting.
Titanium is a dwarf (30–50 cm) determinant, appreciated for its good taste and keeping quality, despite different reviews from gardeners. Recoil per square meter - within 5.5 kg. Fruits are round, red, with ribbing at the top, usually weighing 70-140 g, some specimens are poured up to 220 g. Small fruits are often used for whole-fruit canning, giants are used for juice.
An excellent large-fruited variety - Titan, for food and processing, the only negative is susceptible to late blight and macrosporiosis
Ermak ripens 140 days after planting - its full-fledged return can be assessed only in the mild climate of the Krasnodar Territory. The determinant type tomato is famous for its medium-sized fruits of 60–70 g each with loose sour pulp, yield within 5–6 kg / m2... The large number of brushes with lined round tomatoes especially attracts gardeners. The variety is appreciated for its friendly return and drought resistance.
Fruits of the Ermak variety are distinguished by high strength, long-term preservation of marketable qualities after ripening, and high transportability.
The universal variety Maestro ripens at about the same time as the previous tomato, is valued for its heat resistance and low susceptibility to fusarium... One-dimensional fruits of 80–90 g each with two nests are perfect for pickling, for fresh salads, pizza and for marinade for winter preparations. With the harvest, the ground Maestro will also not let you down - up to 6 kg per square meter, and when forcing in a greenhouse - sometimes up to 10 kg / m2.
Maestro with cuboid, dense-skinned fruits can be safely chosen for salting
Table: late-ripening tomatoes cultivated in southern climates
|Tomato name||Growing conditions (soil - G, greenhouse - T)||Productivity, kg / m2||Description of fruits||Other characteristics of the plant|
|Aisha F1||D||2,6–5||Flat-round, red, sweet (sugar up to 4.6%), weight 70-133 g|
|New product of the Kuban||D||7||Round, red, weight 100 g|
|Bobcat F1||D||4||Flat-round, highly ribbed, red, weight 90-220 g|
|Calisti F1||G / T||4,2–5||Round, highly ribbed, red, sweet (sugar 4.9%), weight 75-125 g|
|Tomaland F1||D||7,6||Flat-round, red, weight 60-100 g|
|Mountain spring||G / T||7,8||Flat-round, red, fleshy, weight 85-200 g|
Cherry tomatoes for the Krasnodar Territory
For forcing in a greenhouse, you can choose any variety of small-fruited tomatoes, but taking into account the climatic characteristics of the region, the hybrids Cheri Blosem F1 and Cherry Lady F1 are ideal, with proper agricultural technology there will be no problems with the harvest.Unlike many cherry tomatoes, Cheri Blosem F1 grows excellently in open beds in the mild climate of the Krasnodar Territory, rarely gets sick, the yield of the hybrid reaches 7.5 kg / m2. Sugar red tomatoes, sometimes with a dark spot at the stalk, can weigh from 16 to 30 g, they are pickled whole, put in fresh salads and used in appetizers as a serving element.
Chery Blosem F1 - determinant tall hybrid (up to 1.6 m), resistant to nematodes and fusarium
Cherry Lady F1 is a small-fruited early-ripening tomato, determinant, a little over a meter high. Flat-round red tomatoes weigh no more than 20 g and form clusters, each with 20-30 pieces of fruit. The harvest is suitable for fresh appetizers, serving and whole-fruit canning. Cherry lady F1 is not afraid of heat, does not reduce the yield during drought, moderately resistant to verticillium. Recoil - up to 4 kg / m2.
Lady F1 cherry tomato is adored by children - these little tomatoes are sweet and flavorful
Video: choosing cherry tomatoes
Tomato Hines F1 - a hybrid form of the famous brand Heinz
A hybrid of American selection was approved in our country more than 50 years ago, but officially these tomatoes were registered in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2011. 9 hybrid forms have been approved in our country - they are appreciated for their yield, but the taste is ordinary, standard for tomatoes. Hines - ground tomatoes of the determinant type with different ripening periods. The tomato is bred specifically for hot climates:
- it is drought tolerant;
- easily adapts to weather changes;
- not afraid of the heat;
- has a high immunity to fungal diseases;
- ripens amicably.
All Hynes hybrids have taken root in the Krasnodar Territory and for almost 20 years they have been grown by farmers and ordinary summer residents on their backyards. But the seed of these hybrids is not always easy to find in seed shops, so it is difficult to find an objective assessment of Hynes hybrids from gardeners' reviews.
Early ripening Hines 1100 F1 - undersized, with cuboid red tomatoes (weight up to 100). The crop is grown specifically for processing - juices, pastes, dressings from these tomatoes have a pleasant taste and aroma, delicate acidity. The yield reaches 9.4 kg / m2.
Feature of Hynes 1100 F1 - sets fruit at elevated temperatures
The late-ripening representative of this group of tomatoes is Hines 3402 F1 with elliptical red tomatoes. Hundred gram fruits have a dense skin and slightly juicy flesh - ideal for pickling. The yield of this hybrid is 5.9 kg / m2.
Tomato Hines 3402 F1 is sweeter and more fragrant than its hybrid counterparts
Video: Tomato Heinz (Heinz)
It is believed that tomato varieties for the Krasnodar Territory are always fruitful, drought-resistant and almost never get sick. In fact, zoned tomatoes rarely suffer from fungal diseases, and the main enemy of these tomatoes - heat - also has a rule. Whether this is really so - you can only find out in practice, you just have to choose the right variety and work a little.
[Votes: 5 Average: 2.6]