Lavender: medicinal properties, method of use and benefits

Lavender: medicinal properties, method of use and benefits



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The genre Lavandula belongs to the family of Lamiaceae and includes about thirty species native to the Mediterranean countries.

Lavender is a very rustic plant and we find it in arid and stony soils to form beautiful bushes. They are perennials, small evergreen plants reaching a maximum height of one meter.

The leaves are linear, lanceolate, narrow, of a characteristic green-gray color. The inflorescences, carried by long stems, are spikes. Each ear contains a variable number of very fragrant flowers with varying aromas depending on the species.The fruit is an achene that contains only one seed inside.

Essential oils are present in a variable manner in the different species of Lavandulae, therefore they give different aromas. The most fragrant essential oil is that which is obtained from the species Lavender angustifolia, Lavandulastoechas is Lavandula officinalis.


Lavender contains very active essential oils that give it antiseptic, disinfectant, vasodilating, anti-neuralgic, healing, diuretic properties, for muscular and arthritic pains and is also considered a mild sedative.

The characteristic scent of lavender is given by the essential oils that are produced by glands, located in all the green parts of the plant (flowers, leaves and stems) but particularly concentrated in the flowers.

Essential oils are extracted by steam distillation and are made up of various substances: linalyl acetate, linalool, cineol, camphor, limonene, pinene, geraniol, etc.


Lavender uses the flowered tops that are dried in dark and ventilated places.

Lavender flowers are harvested at different times depending on their use: for herbal use they are harvested at the beginning of flowering while for industrial cosmetics and perfumery in the period of maximum flowering.

After harvesting, which must be done by collecting the inflorescence with all the stem, they are dried in bunches hanging upside down, in ventilated and shady places as the sun would discolor the flowers. When they are dry, the ear is separated from the stem and the flowers are kept in cloth bags or bowls to perfume the house.

Instead, fresh flowers are used to extract essential oils.


Inhalations of lavender infusion calm colds, coughs and have a positive action for those with respiratory problems.

Lavender-infused rinses have a disinfectant action for the mouth and are refreshing for the breath.

Lavender is also used to take invigorating and relaxing baths by pouring a few drops of essential oil into hot water.

Lavender infusion is used to rinse oily hair and the oil, applied to the scalp, massaging gently, facilitates hair growth.

With lavender, astringent tonics are also prepared for the dilated pores of the skin.

Normally lavender is rarely used for food purposes. However, it is used to flavor white wine and vinegar, to prepare jellies, to flavor sweets and vinegar. Lavender honey is very particular and fragrant, very suitable for treating bronchopulmonary affections.


Lavender flowers retain their scent for a long time, so much so that they are normally stored in muslin or canvas bags to perfume linen.


When using lavender, the recommended doses must be strictly followed and it is incompatible with iron and iodine.


You see: Lavender - The language of flowers and plants

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